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Early "Vanadium Motor Tappet" Wrenches

Tappet wrenches were one of the earliest tools to employ alloy steels, as the thin profile of the wrench demanded the strongest possible steel. As was the case with other tool companies, tappet wrenches were Herbrand's first alloy steel tools, and the company was offering a line of "Vanadium Motor Tappet" wrenches by the early 1920s or before. These early tappet wrenches had "Vanadium Motor Tappet" forged into the shank and are presumed to have been made of vanadium (or chrome vanadium) steel.

In their later 1929 trademark application for "Van-Chrome", Herbrand listed 1919 as the first use date, which was probably a reference to the "Vanadium Motor Tappet" series. (Note though that we haven't found any published reference to verify the 1919 date.)


Early "Vanadium Motor Tappet" H-1 7/16x1/2 Tappet Wrench

We'll begin this section with some examples of early "Vanadium Motor Tappet" wrenches.

[Early Herbrand Vanadium Motor Tappet H-1 7/16x1/2 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 40. Early Herbrand "Vanadium Motor Tappet" H-1 7/16x1/2 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. Early 1920s.

Fig. 40 shows an early Herbrand H-1 7/16x1/2 tappet wrench, marked with "Vanadium Motor Tappet" forged into the shank, and stamped with the Herbrand script logo and "Fremont, O. U.S.A." at the left. The faces are stamped with the fractional sizes, with the model number on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.1 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Early "Vanadium Motor Tappet" [H-2] 9/16x5/8 Tappet Wrench

[Early Herbrand Vanadium Motor Tappet H-2 9/16x5/8 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 41. Early [Herbrand] "Vanadium Motor Tappet" [H-2] 7/16x1/2 Tappet Wrench, ca. Early 1920s.

Fig. 41 shows an early Herbrand "Vanadium Motor Tappet" [H-2] 7/16x1/2 tappet wrench, marked with "Vanadium Motor Tappet" forged into the shank, and with the fractional sizes stamped on the faces.

The overall length is 7.0 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

This wrench is not marked with the Herbrand name, suggesting that it may have been made as contract production or as a generic retail item.


H-1 "Vanadium Tappet" 7/16x17/32 Tappet Wrench

In later production the "Vanadium Motor Tappet" marking was replaced by "Vanadium Tappet".

[Herbrand H-1 7/16x17/32 Vanadium Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 42. Herbrand H-1 7/16x17/32 Vanadium Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. Mid to Late 1920s.

Fig. 42 shows a Herbrand H-1 7/16x17/32 tappet wrench, stamped "Vanadium Tappet" with "Fremont, O. U.S.A." in the Herbrand script logo, and with the model number on the reverse face.

The overall length is 7.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


H-2 "Vanadium Tappet" 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand H-2 Vanadium 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 43. Herbrand H-2 "Vanadium Tappet" 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. Mid to Late 1920s.

Fig. 43 shows a Herbrand H-2 1/2x9/16 tappet wrench, stamped "Vanadium Tappet" with "Fremont, O. U.S.A." in the Herbrand script logo, and with the model number on the reverse face.

The overall length is 7.9 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


H-3 "Vanadium Tappet" 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand H-3 Vanadium Tappet 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 45. Herbrand H-3 "Vanadium Tappet" 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench, ca. Mid to Late 1920s.

Fig. 45 shows a Herbrand H-3 5/8x11/16 tappet wrench, stamped "Vanadium Tappet" with "Fremont, O. U.S.A." in the Herbrand script logo.

The overall length is 8.0 inches. The finish is nickel plating, with minor losses due to wear.


H-5 "Vanadium Tappet" 5/8x7/8 Tappet Wrench

The Herbrand H-1 through H-4 tappet wrench models are well-known and quite common, but the company also produced a model H-5 5/8x7/8 tappet wrench that less commonly found.

[Herbrand H-5 Vanadium Tappet 5/8x7/8 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 47. Herbrand H-5 "Vanadium Tappet" 5/8x7/8 Tappet Wrench, ca. Mid to Late 1920s.

Fig. 47 shows a Herbrand "Vanadium Tappet" H-5 5/8x7/8 tappet wrench, stamped "Vanadium Tappet" with "Fremont, O. U.S.A." and the Herbrand script logo. The wrench sizes are marked as 5/8 and 7/8 on the reverse, though unfortunately a previous owner has widened the 7/8 opening for some other purpose.

The overall length is 9.0 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Van-Chrome and Alloy Steel Tools

In 1929 Herbrand filed a registration for their "Van-Chrome" trademark, with the first use date listed as 1919. Although we don't have any catalogs or advertisements to show their earliest tools, the 1919 date would make it the earliest known trademark denoting alloy steel in hand tools.

Herbrand's first alloy-steel tools were probably tappet wrenches, as these tools exposed the inadequacy of carbon-steel for this application.


Open-End Wrenches

Herbrand offered a wide selection of alloy steel open-end wrenches in a 1000 model series based on industry-standard wrench numbers.


1721 5/16x3/8 Open-End Wrench

[Herbrand 1721 5/16x3/8 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 50. Herbrand 1721 5/16x3/8 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 50 shows a Herbrand 1721 5/16x3/8 open-end wrench, marked with the Herbrand script logo stamped on the face, with "Van Chrome" forged into the shank.

The overall length is 5.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


1723 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench

[Herbrand 1723 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 51. Herbrand 1723 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench, ca. Late 1920s to 1930s.

Fig. 51 shows a Herbrand 1723 3/8x7/16 open-end wrench, marked with the Herbrand script logo stamped on the face, with "Van Chrome" forged into the shank.

The overall length is 5.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


1725 7/16x1/2 Open-End Wrench with 8742 Steel

Our next figure shows an example of a forged-in marking indicating the particular triple-alloy steel used for the tool.

[Herbrand 1725 7/16x1/2 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 51B. Herbrand 1725 7/16x1/2 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1946 to Early 1950s.

Fig. 51B shows a Herbrand 1725 7/16x1/2 open-end wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional sizes.

The overall length is 6.3 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.

The inset shows the forged-in "8742" indicating the use of AISI 8742 steel, a nickel-chrome-molybdenum alloy.

The later marking style and nickel finish suggest post-war production.


1725B 1/2x9/16 Open-End Wrench

[Herbrand 1725B 1/2x9/16 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 52. Herbrand 1725B 1/2x9/16 Open-End Wrench, ca. Late 1920s to 1930s.

Fig. 52 shows a Herbrand 1725B 1/2x9/16 open-end wrench, stamped with the Herbrand script logo on one face, with "Van-Chrome" forged into the shank.

The overall length is 6.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


1025 1/2x19/32 Open-End Wrenches

[Herbrand 1025 1/2x19/32 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 53. Herbrand 1025 1/2x19/32 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. Late 1920s to 1930s.

Fig. 53 shows a Herbrand 1025 1/2x19/32 open-end wrench, stamped with the Herbrand script logo on one face, with "Van-Chrome" forged into the shank.

The overall length is 6.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

[Herbrand 1025 1/2x19/32 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 53B. Herbrand 1025 1/2x19/32 Open-End Wrench.

Fig. 53B shows a later Herbrand 1025 1/2x19/32 open-end wrench, with "Made in U.S.A." and the "Van-Chrome" trademark stamped on the shank.

The overall length is 6.3 inches.


1727 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench

[Herbrand 1727 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 54. Herbrand 1727 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench, ca. Late 1920s to 1930s.

Fig. 54 shows a Herbrand 1727 9/16x5/8 open-end wrench, stamped with the Herbrand script logo on one face, with "Van-Chrome" forged into the shank.

The overall length is 7.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


1731-A 3/4x7/8 Open-End Wrench

[Herbrand 1731-A 3/4x7/8 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 55. Herbrand 1731-A 3/4x7/8 Open-End Wrench, ca. Late 1920s to 1930s.

Fig. 55 shows a Herbrand 1731-A 3/4x7/8 open-end wrench, stamped "Fremont, O. U.S.A." with the Herbrand script logo on the face, with "Van Chrome" forged into the shank.

The overall length is 9.3 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.


1731B 13/16x7/8 Open-End Wrench with 8742 Steel

[Herbrand 1731B 13/16x7/8 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 55B. Herbrand 1731B 13/16x7/8 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1946 to Early 1950s.

Fig. 55B shows a Herbrand 1731 13/16x7/8 open-end wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the shank.

The overall length is 9.3 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.

The inset shows the forged-in "8742" code on the reverse, though it's very faint and difficult to read. This code indicates the use of AISI 8742 steel, a nickel-chrome-molybdenum alloy.

The later marking style and nickel plated finish suggest post-war production.


1033-C 15/16x1 Open-End Wrench with 8742 Steel

[Herbrand 1033-C 15/16x1 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 55C. Herbrand 1033-C 15/16x1 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1943-1945.

Fig. 55C shows a Herbrand 1033-C 15/16x1 open-end wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional sizes on the shank. The reverse also has a forged-in code "8742" visible at the left.

The overall length is 10.6 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating with rough faces.

The forged-in "8742" code on the reverse indicates the use of AISI 8742 steel, a nickel-chrome-molybdenum alloy.

The cadmium plating and rough finish indicate wartime production, and the later marking style suggests the later 1943-1945 years.


1423 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench with Panelled Shank

This next figure shows an example of an open-end wrench in an alternate 14xx series.

[Herbrand 1423 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 58A. Herbrand 1423 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 58A shows a Herbrand 1423 3/8x7/16 open-end wrench, marked "Van-Chrome" with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 4.6 inches, and the finish is chrome plate.


No. 85 9/32x1/4 Ignition Wrench

Herbrand also offered minature open-end or "ignition" wrenches.

[Herbrand Van-Chrome No. 85 9/32x1/4 Ignition Wrench]
Fig. 58. Herbrand "Van-Chrome" No. 85 9/32x1/4 Ignition Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 58 shows a Herbrand "Van-Chrome" No. 85 9/32x1/4 ignition wrench with a panelled shank, stamped with the Herbrand name and model on the shank, with "Van-Chrome" and the fractional sizes on the reverse, and with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse face.

The overall length is 3.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.


No. 87 11/32x3/8 Ignition Wrench

[Herbrand Van-Chrome No. 87 11/32x3/8 Ignition Wrench]
Fig. 59. Herbrand "Van-Chrome" No. 87 11/32x3/8 Ignition Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 59 shows a Herbrand "Van-Chrome" No. 87 11/32x3/8 ignition wrench with a panelled shank, stamped with the Herbrand name and model number on shank, with "Van-Chrome" and the fractional sizes on the reverse, and with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse face.

The overall length is 4.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.


Tappet Wrenches

Herbrand's Early Tappet Wrenches were examined in a prior section. In this section we'll look at tappet wrenches from the late 1920s onward.


H-2 "Van-Chrome" 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand H-2 Van-Chrome 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 44. Herbrand H-2 Van-Chrome 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. Late 1920s to 1930s.

Fig. 44 shows a later Herbrand H-2 1/2x9/16 tappet wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome Tappet" with "Fremont, O. U.S.A." in the Herbrand script logo, and with the model number on the reverse shank.

The overall length is 7.9 inches. The finish is chrome plating, with some losses due to wear.


H-4 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrenches

[Herbrand H-4 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrenches]
Fig. 46. Herbrand H-4 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrenches.

Fig. 46 presents two generations of the Herbrand H-4 3/4x7/8 tappet wrench. The bottom wrench is the older model, marked "Vanadium Tappet" with the Herbrand script logo and "Fremont, O. U.S.A." below. The finish of this wrench is plain steel.

The top wrench is marked "Herbrand Tappet" with "Made in U.S.A", and is finished in nickel plate. Both wrenches have an overall length of 9.0 inches.

You may have noticed that the top wrench isn't marked "Vanadium" or "Van-Chrome", and possibly wondered about the omission. The explanation appears on the reverse (although in coded form), where the number "8640" is forged in raised letters.

The "8640" mark indicates that the wrench was forged from AISI 8640 steel, a medium-hardening alloy with nickel, chromium, and molybdenum, but no vanadium. This was an equivalent or superior steel for the application, but without the vanadium content, Herbrand felt obliged to change their marking.


LT-13 9/16 Single-Ended Long Tappet Wrench

Herbrand also offered an LT series of long tappet wrenches with a single opening.

[Herbrand LT-13 9/16 Single-Ended Long Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 48. Herbrand LT-13 9/16 Single-Ended Long Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 48 shows a Herbrand LT-13 9/16 long tappet wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome Tappet" with "Fremont, O. U.S.A." and the Herbrand script logo on the shank, with the model number on the reverse face.

The overall length is 12.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


LT-14 5/8 Single-Ended Long Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand LT-14 5/8 Single-Ended Long Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 49. Herbrand LT-14 5/8 Single-Ended Long Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 49 shows a Herbrand LT-14 5/8 long tappet wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome Tappet" with "Fremont, O. U.S.A." and the Herbrand script logo on the shank, with the model number on the reverse face.

The overall length is 12.3 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


Obstruction Wrenches

Obstruction wrenches are a specialized form of open-end wrench designed for improved access to restricted spaces. Typically the wrench openings are offset at large angles from the shank axis, but the particular design varied from company to company. Herbrand's design used two openings of the same size, with one opening at a 90-degree offset and the other at 45 degrees. (Some examples of alternate obstruction wrench styles can be seen in the Bonney 2031 Obstruction Wrench or Williams 2028S Obstruction Wrench.)

Herbrand produced these wrenches in an 18xx model number series, with six sizes ranging from the model 1821 (3/8) up to 1831 (3/4). Our earliest catalog reference for the wrenches is the 1932 Western Auto catalog, which lists all six of the obstruction wrenches, as well as other Herbrand wrenches. The catalog text doesn't mention Herbrand by name, but the illustration clearly shows the Herbrand script logo. It's likely that the obstruction wrenches were available by the late 1920s, although currently we have no Herbrand catalog coverage for that time.


1823 7/16x7/16 Obstruction Wrench

[Herbrand Van-Chrome 1823 7/16x7/16 Obstruction Wrench]
Fig. 56. Herbrand Van-Chrome 1823 7/16x7/16 Obstruction Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 56 shows a Herbrand 1823 7/16x7/16 obstruction wrench, stamped with the fractional sizes on the faces, with the model number and Herbrand script logo on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.5 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The plain steel finish indicates production during the 1942-1945 wartime years.

A close look at the shank in the top inset shows that a forged-in "Van-Chrome" marking has been (mostly) removed by grinding. One possible explanation is that an older forging die with the incised Van-Chrome marking was placed back into production during the war, but since substitute steels were being used due to material shortages, the incorrect alloy marking had to be ground off afterwards.


1827 9/16x9/16 Obstruction Wrenches

[Herbrand Van-Chrome 1827 9/16x9/16 Obstruction Wrench]
Fig. 57A. Herbrand "Van-Chrome" 1827 9/16x9/16 Obstruction Wrench, ca. Late 1920s to Early 1930s.

Fig. 57A shows a Herbrand 1827 9/16x9/16 obstruction wrench with "Van-Chrome" forged into the shank, and with the Herbrand script logo on the face.

The overall length is 6.6 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.

The forged-in "Van-Chrome" marking suggests that this is an early example of this model, possibly dating to the late 1920s.

[Herbrand 1827 9/16x9/16 Obstruction Wrench]
Fig. 57B. Herbrand 1827 9/16x9/16 Obstruction Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 57B shows a Herbrand 1827 9/16x9/16 obstruction wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." but without the Van-Chrome trademark.

The overall length is 6.6 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.

The inset shows the forged number "8742" appearing on the reverse, indicating the use of AISI 8742 steel, an alloy with nickel, chromium, and molybdenum.


1831 3/4x3/4 Obstruction Wrench with AISI 8642 Steel

[Herbrand 1831 3/4x3/4 Obstruction Wrench]
Fig. 79. Herbrand 1831 3/4x3/4 Obstruction Wrench.

Fig. 79 shows a Herbrand 1831 3/4x3/4 obstruction wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the shank. The shank is also marked with a "8642" code visible at the right.

The overall length is 7.6 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.

The forged-in marking "8642" indicates the use of AISI 8642 steel, an alloy with nickel, chromium, and molybdenum.


"Multihex" Box-End Wrenches

Herbrand probably began producing double-hex (12-point) box-end wrenches in the late 1920s, but currently we don't have catalog resources to document this period. Our earliest catalog reference for these tools is a 1932 Western Auto Supply catalog, which offered Herbrand "Multihex" box wrenches in angled and offset styles. The "Multihex" mark was intended to signify the double-hex broached openings, which allowed better access in tight places.

We'll begin this section with some early examples of "Multihex" offset box wrenches.


3723 "Van-Chrome Multihex" 3/8x7/16 Offset Box Wrench

[Herbrand Van-Chrome Multihex 3723 3/8x7/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 60. Herbrand "Van-Chrome Multihex" 3723 3/8x7/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Detail, ca. early 1930s.

Fig. 60 shows an early Herbrand 3723 3/8x7/16 offset box-end wrench, marked "Van-Chrome" and "Multihex" with the Herbrand script logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

The top inset shows a side view of the wrench, illustrating the deep offset of this design.

The middle inset shows a close-up of the Herbrand script logo, and the text "Fremont, O" and "Since 1881" can be seen if the photograph is enlarged. This is a variant of the usual "Fremont, O. U.S.A." marking, and is believed to be an early form.


3727A "Van-Chrome Multihex" 5/8x11/16 Offset Box Wrench

[Herbrand 3727A Multihex 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 61. Herbrand 3727A "Multihex" 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Detail, ca. early 1930s.

Fig. 61 shows an early Herbrand 3727A 5/8x11/16 offset box-end wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Multihex" with the Herbrand script logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 10.0 inches. The finish is nickel plating, with losses due to wear.

The top inset shows a side view of the wrench, illustrating the deep offset of this design.

As with the previous example, the Herbrand script logo includes the text "Fremont, O" and "Since 1881", an early form of the logo.


3729A "Van-Chrome Multihex" 3/4x25/32 Offset Box Wrench

[Herbrand 3729A 3/4x25/32 Multihex Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 62. Herbrand 3729A 3/4x25/32 Multihex Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Detail, ca. early 1930s.

Fig. 62 shows an early Herbrand 3729A 3/4x25/32 offset box-end wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Multihex" with the Herbrand script logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 11.2 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

The top inset shows a side view of the wrench, illustrating the deep offset of this design.

As with the previous example, the Herbrand script logo includes the text "Fremont, O" and "Since 1881", an early form of the logo.


3731B "Van-Chrome Multihex" 13/16x7/8 Offset Box Wrench

[Herbrand 3731B 13/16x7/8 Multihex Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 63. Herbrand 3731B 13/16x7/8 Multihex Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Detail, ca. early 1930s.

Fig. 63 shows an early Herbrand 3731B 13/16x7/8 offset box-end wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Multihex" with the Herbrand script logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 12.7 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

The top inset shows a side view of the wrench, illustrating the deep offset of this design.

As with the previous examples, the Herbrand script logo includes the text "Fremont, O" and "Since 1881", an early form of the logo.


3725B 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 3725B 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 64. Herbrand 3725B 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 64 shows a somewhat later Herbrand 3725B 1/2x9/16 offset box-end wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." on the oval-shaped shank. (Note that the "Van-Chrome" and "Multihex" brands are not marked on this tool.)

The overall length is 9.2 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The inset shows a profile view of the wrench with its deep offset design.


3733C "Van-Chrome Multihex" 15/16x1 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 3733C 15/16x1 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 65. Herbrand 3733C 15/16x1 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail, ca. Early 1930s.

Fig. 65 shows a earlier Herbrand 3733C 15/16x1 offset box-end wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Multihex" with the Herbrand script logo, and with the model number and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 14.7 inches. The finish is now plain steel with some pitting due to rust, but the original finish was probably nickel plating.

Note that the Herbrand script logo includes the text "Fremont, O" and "Since 1881", an early form of the logo.


3733C 15/16x1 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 3733C 15/16x1 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 66. Herbrand 3733C 15/16x1 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 66 shows a later version of the same model, a Herbrand 3733C 15/16x1 offset box wrench, stamped "Made in USA" on the oval-shaped shank.

The overall length is 14.8 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


4723 "Van-Chrome Multihex" 3/8x7/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 4723 3/8x7/16 Multihex Short Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 67A. Herbrand 4723 3/8x7/16 Multihex Short Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side and Reverse Detail, ca. Early 1930s to Early 1940s.

Fig. 67A shows a Herbrand 4723 3/8x7/16 short offset box-end wrench, marked "Van-Chrome Multihex" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 4.8 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

The top inset shows a profile view of the wrench, to illustrate the deep offset design and the details of the forging.


4725B "Van-Chrome Multihex" 1/2x9/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 4725B 1/2x9/16 Multihex Short Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 67B. Herbrand 4725B 1/2x9/16 Multihex Short Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side and Reverse Detail, ca. Early 1930s to Early 1940s.

Fig. 67B shows a similar Herbrand 4725B 1/2x9/16 short offset box-end wrench, stamped with "Herbrand" and the model and fractional sizes on the shank, with "Van-Chrome Multihex" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.6 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

The top inset shows a profile view of the wrench, to illustrate the deep offset design and the details of the forging.


4727A 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 4727A 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 68. Herbrand 4727A 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 68 shows a Herbrand 4727A 5/8x11/16 short offset box-end wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the fractional sizes. The reverse shank also has a forged-in "L" code (not shown).

The overall length is 6.4 inches, and the finish appears to be cadmium plating.

The top inset shows a side view of the wrench, illustrating the deep offset design.

The lack of an alloy specification and the cadmium plating suggest production during the 1942-1945 wartime years.


6723 "Van-Chrome Multihex" 3/8x7/16 Short Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 6723 3/8x7/16 Short Multihex Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 69. Herbrand 6723 3/8x7/16 Short Multihex Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. Early 1930s to Early 1940s.

Fig. 69 shows a Herbrand 6723 3/8x7/16 box-end wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." with "Van-Chrome Multihex" on the reverse.

The overall length is 4.0 inches.


6725B "Van-Chrome Multihex" 1/2x9/16 Short Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 6725B 1/2x9/16 Short Multihex Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 70. Herbrand 6725B 1/2x9/16 Short Multihex Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. Early 1930s to Early 1940s.

Fig. 70 shows a Herbrand 6725B 1/2x9/16 box-end wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." with "Van-Chrome Multihex" on the reverse.

The overall length is 4.6 inches.


6727A "Van-Chrome Multihex" 5/8x11/16 Short Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 6727A 5/8x11/16 Multihex Short Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 71. Herbrand 6727A 5/8x11/16 Multihex Short Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. Early 1930s to Early 1940s.

Fig. 71 shows a Herbrand 6727A 5/8x11/16 box-end wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." with "Van-Chrome Multihex" on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.1 inches.


Later Alloy Tools

With the success of its early "Van-Chrome" wrenches, Herbrand quickly broadened its line of alloy steel tools to include sockets and drive tools, specialty tools, and a wider variety of wrenches.


T-Series Tappet Wrenches

By 1935 Herbrand had developed a new style of tappet wrench with a novel opening shape, designed to contact the nut in the center of the flats instead of at the corners. The new series also featured raised ribs running the length of the shank (on both sides) and was first offered in models T1-T4.

The new opening style was apparently not well received (perhaps being ahead if its time), and Herbrand subsequently offered a T-2x series of tappet wrenches, retaining the raised ribs but with conventional openings.


T-3 9/16x5/8 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand T-3 9/16x5/8 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 80. Herbrand T-3 9/16x5/8 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1935 to Early 1940s.

Fig. 80 shows a Herbrand T-3 9/16x5/8 tappet wrench with the distinctive opening shape, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the raised rib.

The overall length is 9.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


T-4 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand T-4 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 81A. Herbrand T-4 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1935 to Early 1940s.

Fig. 81A shows a Herbrand T-4 5/8x11/16 tappet wrench with the distinctive opening shape, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the raised rib.

The overall length is 9.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


T-5 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand T-5 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 81B. Herbrand T-5 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1935 to Early 1940s.

Fig. 81B shows a Herbrand T-5 3/4x7/8 tappet wrench with the distinctive opening shape, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the raised rib.

The overall length is 9.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


T-21 7/16x1/2 Tappet Wrench

The next several figures show examples of the T-2x series of tappet wrenches.

[Herbrand T-21 7/16x1/2 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 82. Herbrand T-21 7/16x1/2 Tappet Wrench.

Fig. 82 shows a Herbrand T-21 7/16x1/2 tappet wrench, stamped "Van Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the raised rib.

The overall length is 9.4 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces and ribs.


T-22 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand T-22 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 83. Herbrand T-22 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench.

Fig. 83 shows a Herbrand T-22 1/2x9/16 tappet wrench with a raised rib, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional sizes.

The overall length is 9.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces and ribs.


T-23 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand T-23 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 84. Herbrand T-23 5/8x11/16 Tappet Wrench.

Fig. 84 shows a Herbrand T-23 5/8x11/16 tappet wrench with a raised rib, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional sizes.

The overall length is 9.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces and ribs.


T-24 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrench

[Herbrand T-24 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 85. Herbrand T-24 3/4x7/8 Tappet Wrench.

Fig. 85 shows a Herbrand T-24 3/4x7/8 tappet wrench with a raised rib, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional sizes.

The overall length is 9.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces and ribs.


"Angular Multihex" Box Wrenches


5727 "Angular Multihex" Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 5727 9/16x5/8 Angular Multihex Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 86. Herbrand 5727 9/16x5/8 Angular Multihex Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 86 shows a Herbrand 5727 9/16x5/8 "Angular Multihex" box-end wrench, marked "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A.", with "Angular Multihex" on the reverse.

The overall length is 9.1 inches.


5729 "Angular Multihex" Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 5729 11/16x25/32 Angular Multihex Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 87. Herbrand 5729 11/16x25/32 Angular Multihex Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 87 shows a Herbrand 5729 11/16x25/32 "Angular Multihex" box-end wrench, marked "Van-Chrome and "Made in U.S.A.", with "Angular Multihex" on the reverse.

The overall length is 10.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel with no trace of plating.


5731-A "Angular Multihex" Box-End Wrenches

The next figures show two generations of the Herbrand 5731-A Multihex wrench.

[Herbrand 5731-A 3/4x7/8 Angular Multihex Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 88. Herbrand 5731-A 3/4x7/8 Angular Multihex Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 88 at the left shows a Herbrand 5731-A 3/4x7/8 "Angular Multihex" box-end wrench, marked "Van-Chrome and "Made in U.S.A.", with "Angular Multihex" on the reverse.

The overall length is 11.3 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

[Herbrand 5731-A 3/4x7/8 Box-End Wrench with 8742 Steel]
Fig. 89. Herbrand 5731-A 3/4x7/8 Box-End Wrench with 8742 Steel, ca. 1942-1943.

Fig. 89 at the left shows a later Herbrand 5731-A 3/4x7/8 box-end wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the shank. A forged-in number "8742" can be seen near the righthand box end.

The overall length is 11.3 inches, and the finish is plain steel with a rough-forged surface.

The "8742" code forged into the shank indicates the use of AISI 8742 steel, a nickel, chromium, and molybdenum alloy frequently used by Herbrand. (In fact, the 1941 Herbrand catalog listing for this model notes the use of chrome-molybdenum steel.)

Although this wrench is not marked "Angular Multihex", the design and construction are the same as the previous example, and the 1941 catalog still refers to these as Multihex box wrenches. The rough, unplated finish of this example, together with marking differences and use of the 8742 alloy, suggest a manufacturing date in 1942 or 1943.


"Ultra-Box" Box Wrenches

The next several figures show examples of the Herbrand 39xx series of offset box wrenches, a distinctive design with raised paralleogram panels called "Ultra-Box" wrenches in the catalogs. A catalog search found these models listed in the 1935 Herbrand catalog, but not yet offered among the Herbrand tools in the 1935-36 Thorsen catalog, so the Ultra-Box wrenches were likely introduced in 1935. (Third-party catalogs may be updated more slowly than the manufacturer's own publications.)

Apart from the raised panels, the catalog mentions that the Ultra-Box design includes offset angles optimized for use, after consulation with experts. The raised panel design used on these wrenches (and other models) was apparently patented by Herbrand, based on the claims in their catalogs, but the (design) patent hasn't been located yet.

The standard finish in 1935 was nickel plating, but by 1941 the finish was chrome plating over nickel. We have attempted to use the finish in estimating the manufacturing date of some examples, although of course it's subject to error, as nickel and chrome sometimes have a similar appearance, and chrome over nickel may wear down to just nickel.

As a side note, the introduction of Herbrand's Ultra-Box series touched off another round of fierce competition from Duro/Indestro, who introduced a very similar design with the paralleograms flipped along the long axis. We have a number of examples of Duro/Indestro's ersatz-Ultra-Box wrenches produced for the ChromeXQuality brand, illustrating once again the competition for Western Auto's business.


3927 "Ultra-Box" 9/16x5/8 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 3927 9/16x5/8 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 90. Herbrand 3927 9/16x5/8 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1935-1940.

Fig. 90 shows a Herbrand 3927 9/16x5/8 offset box-end wrench with raised parallelogram panels, stamped "Van-Chrome" on the front panel, with the model number and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse panel.

The overall length is 8.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces and ends.


3929 "Ultra-Box" 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 3929 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 91. Herbrand 3929 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. Late 1930s to 1940.

Fig. 91 shows a Herbrand 3929 5/8x11/16 offset box-end wrench with raised parallelogram panels, marked "Made in U.S.A." on the raised panel. (The markings are only partially struck due to a ground-down edge on the panel, but it appears to have happened at the factory, as the plated finish is intact.)

The overall length is 9.7 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces and ends.

The inset shows the small "8742" number forged into the reverse side, which indicates the use of AISI 8742 steel. This alloy steel contains nickel, chromium, and molybdenum, but no vanadium, and Herbrand has accordingly omitted the Van-Chrome trademark.

The nickel finish indicates an earlier production date.


3931 "Ultra-Box" 3/4x13/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 3931 3/4x13/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 92. Herbrand 3931 3/4x13/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side and Reverse Detail, ca. 1940s.

Fig. 92 shows a Herbrand 3931 3/4x13/16 offset box-end wrench with raised parallelogram panels, stamped "Van-Chrome" on the front panel, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse panel.

The overall length is 10.9 inches.

The finish is chrome plating, now worn through in many areas to reveal the copper underplating.


3933 "Ultra-Box" 7/8x15/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 3933 7/8x15/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 93. Herbrand 3933 7/8x15/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1935-1940.

Fig. 93 shows a Herbrand 3933 7/8x15/16 offset box-end wrench with raised parallelogram panels, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." with the Herbrand name in script on the front panel. (There are no markings on the reverse.)

The overall length is 13.4 inches. The finish is nickel plating, with some finish loss due to rust.

A small forged-in number "17" appears near the left box end, though it's difficult to see in the photograph. This number has been noted on other Herbrand tools as well, and may be another specification for the steel type; however, the interpretation is unknown at this time.


3935 "Ultra-Box" 1x1-1/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

Our next figure shows another example of the Ultra-Box 393x series, similar to the previous figures but without the raised panels on the shank. (According to the catalogs, the larger models in the 39xx series were not offered in the panelled design.)

[Herbrand 3935 1x1-1/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 94. Herbrand 3935 1x1-1/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail. ca. 1940s.

Fig. 94 shows a Herbrand 3935 1x1-1/16 offset box-end wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." with "Van-Chrome" on the reverse. The overall length is 15.8 inches.

The finish is chrome plating with polished ends.


4925 "Ultra-Box" 1/2x9/16 Short Offset Box Wrench

The Ultra-box series also included short offset wrenches, as the next figure illustrates.

[Herbrand 4925 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 95. Herbrand 4925 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail, ca. 1940s.

Fig. 95 shows a Herbrand 4925 1/2x9/16 offset box-end wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the raised panel.

The overall length is 5.3 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

This wrench is not marked with the "Van-Chrome" trademark, but does show a forged-in number "8642" on the reverse shank, indicating the use of AISI 8642 steel. AISI 8642 steel is an alloy of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum, and this steel was frequently used by Herbrand.


4625 "Ultra-Box" 1/2x9/16 Short Offset Box-End Hex Wrench

In later years Herbrand offered short offset box wrenches with hexagonal broachings, probably intended for a special application.

[Herbrand 4625 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Hex Wrench]
Fig. 96. Herbrand 4625 1/2x9/16 Short Offset Box-End Hex Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail.

Fig. 96 shows a Herbrand 4625 1/2x9/16 short offset box-end wrench with hexagonal (6-point) broachings, stamped "Van Chrome" with the Herbrand script on the raised panel, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse panel.

The overall length is 5.6 inches, and the finish is black oxide.

Currently we don't have a catalog reference for this model and will have to do a bit of research.


5929 "Ultra-Box" 11/16x3/4 Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 5929 Ultra-Box 11/16x3/4 Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 97A. Herbrand 5929 "Ultra-Box" 11/16x3/4 Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Reverse and Side View, ca. 1943-1945.

Fig. 97A shows a Herbrand 5929 11/16x3/4 box-end wrench with raised parallelogram panels, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional sizes on the front panel. The reverse shank is marked with a forged-in "1340" code at the left and a "0" code at the right.

The overall length is 9.8 inches, and the finish is plain steel, with extensive pitting due to rust.

This wrench is marked in the later style, without the "Van-Chrome" trademark and with a "1340" code indicating the use of AISI 1340 steel.

The plain finish and "1340" code indicate wartime production, and the later marking style suggests the later 1943-1945 years.


6923 "Ultra-Box" 3/8x7/16 Short Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 6923 Short 3/8x7/16 Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 97B. Herbrand 6923 "Ultra-Box" 3/8x7/16 Short Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1946 to Early 1950s.

Fig. 97B shows a Herbrand 6923 3/8x7/16 short box-end wrench with raised parallelogram panels, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional sizes on the front panel.

The overall length is 4.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished panels and ends.

This wrench is marked in the later style, without the "Van-Chrome" trademark and with a "8642" code indicating the use of AISI 8642 steel. The 8642 steel is an alloy of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum with a slightly higher carbon content than the 8640 steel noted on other tools.

The use of the later marking style and the nickel plated finish suggest production in the post-war period.


"Obstructo" S-Shaped Box Wrenches

Herbrand offered a series of distinctive S-shaped box wrenches under the "Obstructo" brand, emphasizing the ability of the tool to work in limited clearance.


"Obstructo" S-Shaped Box-End Wrenches

[Herbrand S-Shaped Obstructo Box-End Wrenches]
Fig. 98. Herbrand 77xx "Obstructo" S-Shaped Box-End Wrenches.

7725-B "Obstructo" 1/2x9/16 S-Shaped Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 7275-B 1/2x9/16 S-Shaped Box Wrench]
Fig. 99. Herbrand 7725-B 1/2x9/16 S-Shaped Box Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 99 shows a Herbrand 7725-B 1/2x9/16 "Obstructo" S-shaped box wrench, marked "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the front, with "Obstructo Box Wrench" on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


7727 "Obstructo" 9/16x5/8 S-Shaped Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 7727 9/16x5/8 S-Shaped Box Wrench]
Fig. 100. Herbrand 7727 9/16x5/8 S-Shaped Box Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 100 shows a Herbrand 7727 9/16x5/8 "Obstructo" S-shaped box wrench, marked "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the front, with "Obstructo Box Wrench" on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


7729 "Obstructo" 11/16x25/32 S-Shaped Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 7729 11/16x25/32 S-Shaped Box Wrench]
Fig. 101. Herbrand 7729 11/16x25/32 S-Shaped Box Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 101 shows a Herbrand 7729 11/16x25/32 "Obstructo" S-shaped box wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the front, with "Obstructo Box Wrench" on the reverse.

The overall length is 9.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


Flex-Box Wrenches


6825 Flex-Box 1/2x9/16 Socket Wrench

[Herbrand 6825 1/2x9/16 Flex-Box Wrench]
Fig. 102. Herbrand 6825 1/2x9/16 Flex-Box Socket Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 102 shows a Herbrand 6825 "Flex-Box" 1/2x9/16 double-flex socket wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the shank, with "Flex-Box" and the fractional sizes on the reverse.

The overall length (extended) is 8.8 inches, and the finish is polished nickel.


6827 Flex-Box 5/8x3/4 Socket Wrench

[Herbrand 6827 5/8x3/4 Flex-Box Wrench]
Fig. 102B. Herbrand 6827 5/8x3/4 Flex-Box Socket Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1930-1934.

Fig. 102B shows an early example of the Herbrand "Flex-Box" double-flex socket wrench, the model 6827 with size 5/8x3/4. The wrench is stamped "Herbrand" and "Van-Chrome" with the model number and "Made in U.S.A." on the shank, with "Flex-Box" and the fractional sizes on the reverse.

The overall length is 9.2 inches.


"Multitype" Combination Wrenches

The modern combination wrench with open and box ends of the same size was first developed in the spring of 1933 by Plomb Tool (and almost simultaneously by Bonney), and combination wrenches quickly became one of the most popular wrench styles.

Although most manufacturers preferred a 15-degree offset angle for both ends, Herbrand used a slightly different design, keeping the 15-degree offset for the box end but using a 22.5 degree offset for the open end. This larger offset angle, together with the relatively short length and panelled handles, gave their combination wrenches a distinctive appearance.

In keeping with the different design, Herbrand also gave their wrenches a different name, calling them "Multitype" instead of "Combination". The wrenches proved to be popular and remained in production from around 1934 until at least the mid 1950s. Later versions of the wrenches were given sharply defined depressed panels instead of the smooth depression of the early models.

Eventually this design was phased out in favor of a more conventional series of combination wrenches, which received the same model numbers but with an appended "N" code. (For "normal" perhaps?)


1216 1/2 "Multitype" Combination Wrench

[Herbrand 1216 1/2 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 103. Herbrand 1216 1/2 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse and Side View, ca. 1942-1943.

Fig. 103 shows a Herbrand 1216 1/2 combination wrench of the "Multitype" style, stamped "Herbrand" and "Van-Chrome" with the model number on the front panel, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse panel.

The overall length is 5.5 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating, with losses due to wear and rust.

This wrench exhibits the "classic" marking style for early Herbrand "multitype" wrenches.

The cadmium finish indicates production during the wartime years, and the early marking style suggests the earlier 1942-1943 period.


1218 9/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrenches

The next two figures show examples of the Herbrand 1218 multitype wrench, with different steel specifications.

[Herbrand 1218 9/16 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 104A. Herbrand 1218 9/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1943-1945.

Fig. 104A shows an earlier Herbrand 1218 9/16 combination wrench of the "Multitype" style, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model and fractional size on the front panel. The shank is also marked with a forged-in number "1340" visible at the right.

The overall length is 6.0 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The "1340" marking indicates the use of AISI 1340 steel, a substitution frequently used by Herbrand during the wartime years.

Note the use of Herbrand's later marking style, without "Van-Chrome" and with "Made in U.S.A." on the same side as the other markings. The cadmium finish and 1340 steel indicate production during the 1942-1945 wartime years, and the marking style indicates the later years of the period. This example shows that the transition to Herbrand's later marking style occurred during the wartime period.

[Herbrand 1218 9/16 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 104B. Herbrand 1218 9/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View, ca. Mid 1940s to Early 1950s.

Fig. 104B shows a somewhat later Herbrand 1218 9/16 combination wrench of the "Multitype" style, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model and fractional size on the front panel.

The overall length is 6.0 inches.

The reverse of this wrench has a small forged-in marking "8742" (not shown).

The forged-in marking "8742" on the reverse has been identified as referring to AISI 8742 steel, a nickel-chrome-molybdenum triple alloy. Such a steel would have been an equivalent or superior substitute for the typical chrome-vanadium alloy, but with no vanadium in use, Herbrand has omitted the Van-Chrome marking.


1220 5/8 "Multitype" Combination Wrenches

The next several figures show examples of Herbrand 1220 "multitype" wrench.

[Herbrand Van-Chrome 1220 5/8 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 105A. Herbrand Van-Chrome 1220 5/8 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1934 to Early 1940s.

Fig. 105A shows a Herbrand 1220 5/8 combination wrench of the "Multitype" style, stamped "Herbrand" and "Van-Chrome" with the model number on the front panel, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.5 inches. The original finish was nickel plating, but much has been lost due to wear and rust.

This wrench exhibits the "classic" marking style for early Herbrand "multitype" wrenches.

[Herbrand Van-Chrome 1220 5/8 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 105B. Herbrand Van-Chrome 1220 5/8 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 105B shows another example of the Herbrand 1220 5/8 combination wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Van-Chrome" with the model number on the front panel, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse. The shank is also marked with a "CMS" code visible at the right.

The overall length is 6.5 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating, with extensive losses due to wear.

This wrench exhibits the "classic" marking style for early Herbrand "multitype" wrenches.

The cadmium finish and classic marking style suggest production during the 1942-1945 wartime years.

The "CMS" marking is believed to stand for "Chrome Moly Steel". Although the "CMS" marking is inconsistent with the "Van-Chrome" marking, for wartime production it was probably expedient to leave the "Van-Chrome" marking in place.

[Herbrand 1220 5/8 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 105C. Herbrand 1220 5/8 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, ca. 1950s.

Fig. 105C shows a later Herbrand 1220 5/8 "Multitype" combination wrench with sharply defined depressed panels, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the front panel.

The overall length is 6.5 inches. The wrench is finished in chrome plating with polished ends.

Note that the depressed panel in the handle has a well-defined outline with steep walls; compare this with the shallow depression shown in the previous figures.


1222 11/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrenches

[Herbrand Van-Chrome 1222 11/16 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 106A. Herbrand Van-Chrome 1222 11/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1934 to Early 1940s.

Fig. 106A shows a Herbrand 1222 11/16 combination wrench of the "Multitype" style, stamped "Van-Chrome" on the front panel, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating, with losses due to wear.

This wrench exhibits the "classic" marking style for early Herbrand "multitype" wrenches.

[Herbrand 1222 11/16 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 106B. Herbrand 1222 11/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrench with AISI 8742 Steel, ca. Mid 1940s to Early 1950s.

Fig. 106B shows a Herbrand 1222 11/16 "Multitype" combination wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the fractional sizes on the front panel. The shank also has a forged-in "8742" code visible near the box end.

The overall length is 7.0 inches. The finish is now plain steel with polished faces, but the wrench may have had a plated finish originally.

This wrench is not marked with the Herbrand "Van-Chrome" trademark, but is marked with a forged-in "8742" code next to the box end. With the use of AISI 8742 nickel chrome molybdenum steel, Herbrand has omitted the "Van-Chrome" marking.


1226 13/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrenches

[Herbrand 1226 13/16 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 107A. Herbrand 1226 13/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Insets for Reverse and Side View, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 107A shows a Herbrand 1226 13/16 "Multitype" combination wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Van-Chrome" with the model number on the front panel (middle image), with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse panel (lower image). The shank also has a forged-in "CMN" code (upside-down in the photo) visible at the right.

The overall length is 8.7 inches, and the finish is plain steel, with pitting due to rust.

The "CMN" code is believed to stand for Chrome-Moly-Nickel, the family for the typical AISI 8742 alloy steel that Herbrand often used.

The plain finish and classic marking style suggest production during the 1942-1945 wartime years.

Note that the "CMN" marking is inconsistent with the "Van-Chrome" marking, as the types of steel are different. But since the wrench was likely wartime production, it was probably expedient to leave the marking set for "Van-Chrome".

[Herbrand 1226 13/16 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 107B. Herbrand 1226 13/16 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail, ca. Mid 1940s to Early 1950s.

Fig. 107B shows a later Herbrand 1226 13/16 "Multitype" combination wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the model number and fractional size on the front panel. The shank also has a forged-in "8742" code visible at the left.

The overall length is 8.7 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

This wrench is not marked with the Herbrand "Van-Chrome" trademark, but has a forged-in "8742" code near to the open end. With the use of AISI 8742 nickel chrome molybdenum steel, Herbrand has omitted the "Van-Chrome" marking.


1228 7/8 "Multitype" Combination Wrench

[Herbrand 1228 7/8 Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 110. Herbrand 1228 7/8 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 110 shows a Herbrand 1228 7/8 "Multitype" combination wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" on the front panel, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 10.4 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The cadmium finish and classic marking style suggest production during the 1942-1945 wartime years.


1232 "Multitype" Combination Wrench, Later Version

[Herbrand 1232 1 Inch Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 112. Herbrand 1232 1 Inch "Multitype" Combination Wrench, ca. 1950s.

Fig. 112 shows another example of a later model multitype wrench, a Herbrand 1232 1 inch wrench with sharply defined depressed panels, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the front panel.

The overall length is 14.5 inches. The wrench is finished in chrome plating with polished ends.


1209-M 9mm Combination Wrench

Herbrand also produced metric sized wrenches using the Multitype design.

[Herbrand 1209-M 9mm Multitype Combination Wrench]
Fig. 113. Herbrand 1209-M 9mm "Multitype" Combination Wrench with Hexagonal Broaching.

Fig. 113 shows a Herbrand 1209-M 9mm combination wrench with a hexagonal broaching, stamped "Herbrand" and "Made in U.S.A." with the metric size on the front panel.

The overall length is 4.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


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