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Cronk & Carrier Manufacturing Company


Table of Contents

Introduction

Cronk & Carrier was a maker of pliers, wrenches, and other tools, and operated in Elmira, New York during the early part of the 20th century.

Cronk & Carrier Manufacturing Company

Company History

Cronk & Carrier was the successor (after 1902) to the Cronk Hangar Company, an earlier company founded by William Cronk in the 1890s. William Cronk was a noted inventor with numerous patents for pliers and other tools.

[1900 Advertisement for Cronk Lineman's Pliers]
1900 Advertisement for Cronk Lineman's Pliers. [External Link]

The Cronk Hanger Company was initially a maker of anti-friction hangers for barn doors, but by 1900 (or earlier) was also producing pliers. The advertisement at the left for Cronk "Telegraph" pliers was published in 1900 in the Volume IV index for Science and Industry. The illustration shows the Cronk No. 80 pliers in a design typical of early lineman's side-cutting pliers, and the text shows prices for sizes from 5 to 8 inches and in both plain and nickel finishes. (Although not noted, the prices shown would be per dozen.)


Patents

Table 1. Cronk & Carrier Manufacturing: Issued and Licensed Patents
Patent No.InventorFiledIssuedDescriptionNotes and Examples
344,769 W. Cronk11/18/188406/29/1886Pliers Cronk 6 Inch Button's Pattern Pliers
577,818 W. Cronk06/18/189602/23/1897Gate Latch  
597,896 W.Cronk02/27/189701/25/1898Pliers with Staple Puller Cronk Staple-Pulling Fencing Pliers
632,835 W. Cronk03/10/189809/12/1899Pliers  
834,564 W. Cronk02/13/190510/30/1906Pruning Shears  
870,227 W. Cronk04/10/190711/05/1907Rake  
1,041,967 W.Cronk10/25/191010/22/1912Adjustable Alligator Wrench Cronk Slide-Adjusting Nut Wrench

Trademarks

We have not yet found any trademarks for Cronk & Carrier.


References and Resources

Photographs and observations of particular tools are based on items in the Alloy Artifacts Collection.


Catalog Resources

Currently we don't have any catalogs for Cronk & Carrier.

Selected Tools


Cronk Hanger Early 6 Inch Button's Pattern Pliers

[Cronk Hanger Early 6 Inch Button's Pattern Pliers]
Fig. 1. Cronk Hanger Early 6 Inch Button's Pattern Pliers, with Insets for Side View, Construction, and Marking Detail, ca. 1890s.

Fig. 1 shows an early pair of Cronk Hanger 6 inch Button's Pattern pliers, stamped with "Cronk Hanger Co" and "Pat'd June 29, 1886" on the handles (see insets).

The overall length is 6.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The patent date refers to patent #344,769, filed by William Cronk in 1885 and issued the following year. The specific patented feature of these pliers are the concave grooves on the inside of the jaws, visible in the left middle inset. According to the patent description, the grooves in the jaw are designed to help grasp nails or close rings of wire. (The patent document and illustration also describe a number of additional features that are not present on these pliers.)


Cronk 6.5 Inch Combination Pliers

[Cronk 6.5 Inch Combination Pliers]
Fig. 2. Cronk 6.5 Inch Combination Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail, ca. 1890s.

Fig. 2 shows a early pair of Cronk 6.5 inch combination pliers, stamped with "Cron?" near the pivot.

The overall length is 6.6 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The top inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the widened handles.

The pliers are constructed of stamped steel, but the handles appear to have been formed by a forging process. Note that these pliers have a fixed pivot, rather than the slip-joint attachment more commonly used for combination pliers.


Cronk 8 Inch Gas-and-Burner Pliers

[Cronk 8 Inch Gas-and-Burner Pliers]
Fig. 3. Cronk 8 Inch Gas-and-Burner Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1890s.

Fig. 3 shows a early pair of Cronk 8 inch gas-and-burner pliers, stamped with "Cronk" near the pivot.

The overall length is 8.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel, with pitting due to rust.

The top inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the widened handles.

The pliers are constructed of stamped steel, but the handles appear to have been formed by a forging process. The tip of the pliers has a small slot for holding wire or adjusting burners.


Cronk 10 Inch Fencing Pliers with Button's Cutters

[Cronk 10 Inch Staple-Pulling Pliers]
Fig. 4. Cronk 10 Inch Staple-Pulling Pliers, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 4 shows a pair of Cronk 10 inch fencing pliers, incorporating a hammer head and Button's style cutting slot on each side. The pliers are stamped with "Cronk" near the pivot.

The overall length is 10.8 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

These pliers have the characteristic raised ridges on both sides, used by Cronk's design for grasping staples and cutting wire.


Cronk 8 Inch Staple-Pulling Pliers

[Cronk 8 Inch Staple-Pulling Pliers]
Fig. 5. Cronk 8 Inch Staple-Pulling Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1910 to 1920s.

Fig. 5 shows a pair of Cronk 8 inch staple-pulling pliers, stamped with the Cronk name (upside-down in the photograph) on the upper handle.

The overall length is 8.4 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

These pliers have the characteristic raised ridges on both sides, used by Cronk's design for grasping staples and cutting wire. The pliers have another unusual feature with concave and convex surfaces on the inside of the handles just before the pivot, possibly intended for bending wire into staples.

The finely forged gripping pattern on the handles is characteristic of Kraeuter & Company, indicating that these pliers were contract production by Kraeuter.

Cronk 8 Inch Slip-Joint Combination Pliers

[Cronk 8 Inch Slip-Joint Combination Pliers]
Fig. 6. Cronk 8 Inch Slip-Joint Combination Pliers.

Fig. 6 shows a pair of Cronk 8 inch slip-joint combination pliers, stamped with the Cronk name and "Elmira, N.Y." near the pivot.

The overall length is 8 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


Cronk 6 Inch Slide-Adjustable Nut Wrench

[Cronk 6 Inch Slide-Adjustable Nit Wrench]
Fig. 7. Cronk 6 Inch Slide-Adjustable Nut Wrench, with Inset for Side View and Marking Detail, ca. 1912 to 1920s.

Fig. 7 shows a Cronk 6 inch slide-adjustable nut wrench, stamped with the Cronk name. In addition to the adjustable jaws, the handle is broached with a 7/8 hexagonal opening.

The overall length is 6.5 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The wrench opening can be adjusted by sliding the friction screw in the slot, with the opening sizes ranging from about 1/4 up to 11/16. Once the desired size is set, the friction nut can be tighted to clamp the position.

Although not marked with a patent notice, the design of this wrench is covered by patent #1,041,967, issued to William Cronk on October 22, 1912. The patent document describes an adjustable alligator wrench with an adjustment mechanism consisting of a friction screw sliding in opposing slots.


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